Automation of technological and business processes

ISSN-print: 2312-3125
ISSN-online: 2312-931X
ISO: 26324:2012
Архiви

Особливості управління технічними об'єктами з урахуванням їх зносу

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S Voinova

Анотація

The operation of technical objects is subject to the regulatory conditions established by their manufacturer. Regime of regulatory conditions keeping needs to be controlled. A new technical object at the time of commissioning has an initial, maximum level of technological efficiency of operation, including ecological, economic and general technical components, and has an initial, complete working capacity resource too. During operation, the technical object wears-out, its technological efficiency is reduced. In accordance with the international standard and the standard of Ukraine, a technical object that has exhausted a resource is subject to decommissioning and replacement with a new technical object, since at a level of technological efficiency that is less than the minimum, the use of technical object is inexpedient. However, in the current difficult economic conditions in Ukraine, the replacement of worn-out equipment with a new one is impracticable. Further use of worn-out equipment is inevitable. To control a worn out object, complex automation is required. The technical object is studied in this direction from three positions. The first is to study the process of wearing-out. The second is the prediction of wearing-out dynamics. The third is the object control in the process of its wearing-out. The development of the theory and practice of worn out objects automating leads to the formulation of new tasks. With long-term operation of the equipment, it is necessary to periodically adjust its characteristics. It is necessary to create adaptive automatic control systems that take into account the degree of equipment wear-out and conditions of its operation. It is important to establish the patterns of influence of the current state of the equipment and the operating conditions on its residual resource. A productive way to increase the efficiency of worn-out equipment is its renovation by implementing measures that increase the level of efficiency of the most worn-out elements of technical objects. The technical objects control with registration their wear-out will ensure compliance with the regulations for their operation.

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Як цитувати
Voinova, S. (2018). Особливості управління технічними об’єктами з урахуванням їх зносу. Automation of Technological and Business Processes, 10(4), 28-31. https://doi.org/10.15673/atbp.v10i4.1228
Розділ
ТЕХНІЧНІ ЗАСОБИ І ІНФОРМАЦІЙНІ ТЕХНОЛОГІЇ У СИСТЕМАХ УПРАВЛІННЯ

Посилання

[1] Voinova S.O. Tehnichna gerontologiya yak naukova distsiplina. Zmist. Mistse. Priznachennya / Mater. n.-t. konf. «Novyie i netraditsionnyie tehnologii v resurso- i energosberezhenii», 28-29 sent. 2006g., Odessa - Kiev: ATM Ukrainyi, 2006.- S. 16 - 20.
[2] Voinova S.O. Tehnichna gerontologiya i yakist roboti znoshenogo ustatkuvannya / Mater. VI Mezhdunar. n. – praktich. konf «Kachestvo, standartizatsiya, kontrol: teoriya i praktika», 26-28 sent. 2006g., Yalta. – Kiev: ATM Ukrainyi, 2006. - S.14 - 16.
[3] Voinova S.A. Tehnicheskaya gerontologiya. Potentsial vliyaniya na effektivnost funktsionirovaniya tehnicheskih ob'ektov / Mater. za VI Mezhdunarodna nauchna praktichna konferentsiya «Naynovite postizheniya na evropeyskata nauka-2010», 17 - 25 yuni, 2010g. Tom 20 «Tehnologii. Fizicheska kultura i sport».- Sofiya: «Byal GRAD-BG» OOD, 2010.- S. 79 - 84.
[4] Voinova S.O. Upravlinnya tehnichnimi ob’ektami i tehnichna gerontologiya / Schokvartalniy nauk.-virobn. zhurnal «Avtomatizatsiya tehnologichnih i biznes-protsesiv», 2011, № 7, 8.– Odesa: ONAHT, 2011.– S. 20 - 23.
[5] Voinova S.A. Mesto tehnicheskoy gerontologii v spetsialnyih distsiplinah tehnicheskogo vuza / Zb. tez. dopov. 32-yi nauk. – metod. konf. vikladachiv ODAHT “Problemi metodichnogo zabezpechennya bagatostupenevoyi vischoyi osviti”, Odesa, 10-12 kvitnya 2001r. – Odesa: Minosviti Ukrayini, 2001. – S. 46.