Food Science and Technology

ISSN-print: 2073-8684
ISSN-online: 2409-7004
ISO: 26324:2012
Архiви

COMPOSTING OF ORGANIC WASTE WITH THE USE OF MINERAL ADDITIVES

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

О. Sagdeeva
G. Krusir
A. Tsykalo
Т. Shpyrко
H. Leuenberger

Анотація

Aerobic composting is one of the best available technologies for an integrated waste management system in terms of minimizing the anthropogenic impact on the environment, complying with the latest domestic and foreign developments, economic and practical acceptance of the technology. Organic production is rapidly spreading in the world as a holistic system of rational nature management that becomes the basis for the use of modern composting technologies for organic raw materials to obtain a quality product of processing. But composting is characterized by relatively low popularity in comparison with other methods of waste utilization due to a number of its disadvantages, such as a long production cycle and sometimes the unstable quality of a product obtained. Because of this, many studies in the field of solid waste recycling are devoted to methods of accelerating the composting process. This can be achieved in various ways, such as the development of high–performance composting machines and biotic changes (vermiculture, use of specialized crops and biocenoses of microorganisms), or abiotic (temperature, pH, etc.) parameters of the process.

The article presents the results of studying the effect of mineral additives on organic waste composting processes, with the aim of its accelerating in mesophilic and thermophilic temperature regimes with controlled parameters. To improve the efficiency of the composting process and compare the features of the processes, the soil was used as a microbiological inoculum, and mineral salts solutions as a mineral additive. The results of the studies allow us to conclude that it is advisable to compost plant waste with a mineral additive, both in the thermophilic and the mesophilic mode. The compost ripening period, with a mineral additive used, is 6 weeks. It is shown that the mineral complex accelerates the composting of the organic constituent of municipal solid waste by 2.2 times in the thermophilic mode, and by 1.4 times under the mesophilic conditions of the composting process, which proves the effectiveness of its use in recycling municipal solid waste to increase the general level of environmental safety.

Ключові слова:
Для цієї мови відсутні ключові слова

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Як цитувати
SagdeevaО., Krusir, G., Tsykalo, A., ShpyrкоТ., & Leuenberger, H. (2018). COMPOSTING OF ORGANIC WASTE WITH THE USE OF MINERAL ADDITIVES. Food Science and Technology, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.15673/fst.v12i1.842
Розділ
Хімія харчових продуктів і матеріалів. Нові види сировини
Біографія автора

О. Sagdeeva, Одеська національна академія харчових технологій

Кафедра харчової хімії, доцент

Посилання

1. Adani F, Tambone F, Gotti A. Biostabilization of municipal solid waste. Waste Management. 2004; 24(8):775–83. DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2004.03.007

2. Jouraiphy A. Chemical and spectroscopic analysis of organic matter transformation composting of sewage sludge and green plant waste. International biodeterioration and biodegradation. 2005 Sep.; 56(2):101–108. DOI: 10.1016/j.ibiod.2005.06.002

3. Pavlenko SI, Lyashenko OO, Lysenko DM, Kharitonov VI. Analysis and substantiation of technological processes of composting of agricultural organic waste of animal origin. Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. 2011; 9 (1): 94–104. http://econjournal.vsau.org/files/pdfa/172.pdf

4. Yong Xiao, Guang–Ming Zeng, Zhao–Hui Yang. Continuous thermophilic composting (CTC) for rapid biodegradation and maturation of organic municipal solid waste. Bioresource Technology. 2009 June; 100(20):4807–13. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.05.013

5. Kulcu R,Yaldiz O. Determination of aeration rate and kinetics of composting some agricultural wastes. Bioresource Technology. 2004 May; 93(1): 49–57 DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2003.10.007

6. Pedra F, Polo F, Ribeiro A, Domingues A. Effects of municipal solid waste compost and sewage sludge on mineralization of soil organic matter. Soil biology and biochemistry. 2007 June; 39(6): 1375–1382 ISSN : 0038–0717

7. Howard A. The waste products of agriculture: their utilization as humus. Journal of the Royal Society of Arts. 1933 Dec; 82 (4229): 84–121 http://www.jstor.org/stable/41360014

8. Howard A, Yeshwant DW. The Waste Products of Agriculture. 3d ed. London: Oxford University Press. 2011; 138 p.

9. Kuhlman LR. Window composting of agricultural and municipal wastes. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 1990; 4(1): 151–160 http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.404.4329&rep=rep1&type=pdf

10. Parr JF, Epstein E, Willson GB. Composting sewage sludge for land application. Agriculture and Environment. 1978 Aug.; 4(2): 123–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304–1131(78)90016–4

11. Gatsenko MV. Composting of organic matter. Microbiological aspects. Agricultural Microbiology. 2014; 19 (1): 11–20. http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/smik_2014_19_3

12. Linnyk MG, Semchuk MМ, editors. Technologies and technical means of production and use of organic fertilizers – Nizhyn; 2012. 244 p. ISBN 978–617–640–046–2

13. Lyashenko OO, Movsesov GE. Technology and equipment of accelerated composting of organic waste. – Materials of the 3rd interna-tional conference "Cooperation for the solution of the problem of waste", February 7–8, 2006, Kharkov, – Kh., 2006. – p. 88–89. http://www.waste.com.ua/cooperation/2006/theses/lyashenko.html

14. Shatsky VV, Povolotsky AA. Basic requirements for the process and biotechnical system of composting of organic raw materials. Bulletin of the Kharkov National Technical University of Agriculture named after Petro Vasilenko. 2015; 157 (1): 140–146. http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Vkhdtusg_2015_157_26

15. Fierer N, Jackson RB. The diversity and biogeography of soil bacterial communities. PNAS. 2006 Jan 17; 103(3): 626–31 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16407148

16. Netrusov AI, editor. Practical work on microbiology: a textbook for students of higher education. M.: Academy; 2005. 608. ISBN 5–7695–1809–X

17. Harrison BI. Seed deterioration in relation to storage conditions and its influence upon seed germination, chromosomal damage and plant performance. J. nat. Inst. Agric. Bot. 1966; 10: 644–633. ISBN 0–12–520920–7

18. Samofalova IA. Laboratory and practical classes on the chemical analysis of soils: a training manual. Perm: Publishing house of the Perm State Agricultural Academy, 2013. 133 p. Access mode: http://pgsha.ru:8008/books/study.pdf