Grain Products and Mixed Fodder’s

ISSN-print: 2313-478X
ISSN-online:
ISO: 26324:2012
Архiви

THE APPLICATION OF STATISTICAL METHODS OF QUALITY MANAGEMENT BY GMP+ STANDARDS USING FERROMAGNETIC MICROTRACERS

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

T.V. SAKHNO
P.V. PISARENKO
I.V. KOROTKOVA
O. M. OMELIAN
N. N. BARASHKOV

Анотація

The GMP+FSA Feed Certification scheme is considered and analyzed which was developed in 1992 by the Dutch feed industry in response to various incidents involving contamination in feed materials. Currently it is an international scheme that is managed by GMP+ International in collaboration with stakeholders from numerous European countries. One of the most important and responsible steps in the feed production is mixing - creating a completely homogeneous mixture. In this paper, a statistical quality assessment of mixing of multicomponent feeds using the distribution of added particles – microtracers was performed. The testing procedure of the homogeneity of feeds and premixes using microtracers is presented in the Standard GMP+ BA2 ―Control of residues‖. The ferromagnetic variety of microtracers manufactured by American Company Micro-Tracers, Inc (San Francisco, California) are elementary iron particles or particles of stainless steel which are coated with a FD&C dye of different colors. The most common microtracers are Microtracer F that consists near 25000 of iron particles with a size distribution of 150 – 300 μm. These microtracers are used in the feed industry to ensure the quality of mixing feeds for animals and poultry during the last 20-30 years. The additional areas of use of microtracers include the marking of vitamins, mineral additive or medicament which introduced into premixes, which allows to mark the presence of the premix in the finished feeds. In quantitative analysis, MicrotracersTM can be used not only to document efficacy of mixing, but also to assess the adequacy of batch to batch ―cleanout‖ of mixers and other feed manufacturing equipment. In the present article the analytical results of evaluation of the mixer performance are interpreted in the terms of a Poisson statistics and chi-squared distribution. The value of probability by Poisson (p) was chosen as criteria for evaluation of homogeneity. Treating a series of counts as a Poisson distribution, the mix is judged complete if p>5% and judged incomplete if p<1%. The mix is judged ―probably incomplete‖ (marginal) if the probability value is in the range of 1%<p<5%.
Ключові слова:
Для цієї мови відсутні ключові слова

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Як цитувати
SAKHNO, T., PISARENKO, P., KOROTKOVA, I., OMELIAN, O. M., & BARASHKOV, N. N. (2018). THE APPLICATION OF STATISTICAL METHODS OF QUALITY MANAGEMENT BY GMP+ STANDARDS USING FERROMAGNETIC MICROTRACERS. Grain Products and Mixed Fodder’s, 18(3), 39-44. https://doi.org/10.15673/gpmf.v18i3.1078
Розділ
КОРМИ, ЯКІСТЬ, ТЕХНОЛОГІЯ ТА ТВАРИННИЦТВО

Посилання

1. Velichko V. O. HASSP — sistema koriguyuchih dіj zabezpechennya yakostі ta bezpechnostі kormіv, kormovih dobavok, premіksіv і kormovoї sirovini / V. O. Velichko, L. І. Flyak, A. V. Grimak, І. R. Urban // Naukovo-tekhnіchnij byuleten' Іnstitutu bіologії tvarin і Derzhavnogo naukovo-doslіdnogo kontrol'nogo іnstitutu vetpreparatіv ta kormovih dobavok. - 2013. - Vip. 14. - № 3-4. - S. 346-351.
2. Beskups'ka O.V. Vprovadzhennya sertifіkatu GMP+ na ukraїns'kih pіdpriєmstvah u kontekstі іntegracії do ЄS /O.V. Beskups'ka // Molodij vchenij». – 2015. - № 9(24). - C. 38-41.
3. Klimenko A. Kachestvo smeshivaniya kormov i produktivnost' zhivotnyh /A. Klimenko, A. Yaponcev // Kombikorma. – 2015. - № 6. - S.50-54.
4. Makarinskaya A.V. Teoreticheskie i prakticheskie osnovy ocenki odnorodnosti kombinirovannyh smesej /A.V. Makarinskaya // Naukovij vіsnik Poltavs'kogo unіversitetu ekonomіki і torgіvlі. - 2016. - № 1(78) - S.68-76.
5. Egorov B.V. Harakteristika smesitelej dlya proizvodstva premiksov i kombikormov /B.V. Egorov, A.V. Makarinskaya, T.G. Stoyanova, N.V. Gonca // Hranenie i pererabotka zerna. – 2008. - № 2. – S.43-46.
6. Sahno T.V. Izuchenie segregacii ferromagnitnyh mikrotrejserov ot premiksov: rezul'taty testirovaniya v model'nyh usloviyah i usloviyah transportirovki i hraneniya /T.V. Sahno, I.V. Korotkova, N.N. Barashkov // Zernovі produkti і kombіkormi. – 2017. - V. 17. - N 2 . – P.28-33.
7. McCoy R. A. Effect of Mixing Uniformity on Broiler Chick Performance / R.A.McCoy, K.C. Behnke, J.D. Hancock, R.R. Mcellhiney // Poultry Science. – 1994. – V.73 (3). – P.443–451.
8. Herrman T. and Behnke K. Feed Manufacturing – Testing mixer performance. - 1994. Bul. MF-1172 Revised, Kansas St. University Cooperative Extension Service, Manhattan, KS.
9. Matuszek D. The use of the fluorescence phenomenon to evaluate the content of feed ingredients / D.Matuszek // Journal of Research and Applications in Agricultural Engineering. – 2017. - V. 62(2). - P.72-75.
10. Rochaa A.G. Comparison of different indicators for the evaluation of feed mixing efficiency / A.G. Rochaa, R.N. Montanhinic, P. Dilkin, C.D. Tamiosso, C.A. Mallmann// Animal Feed Science and Technology. – 2015. – V. 209. – P. 249-256.
11. www.microtracers.com
12. Eisenberg S. Iron-based tracers / S. Eisenberg US Pat.3, 469, 990, 1969.
13. Eisenberg S. Microingredient containing tracer / S. Eisenberg US Pat.4, 654, 165, 1987.
14. Eisenberg S. Protected iron tracer composition and method of making / S. Eisenberg US Pat. 17, 188, 408, 1980.
15. Eisenberg S. Tracer-containing composition / S. Eisenberg US Pat.4, 152, 271, 1979.
16. Eisenberg S. Tracers / S. Eisenberg US Pat.4, 029, 820, 1977.
17. Pezo L. The joint mixing action of the static pre-mixer and the rotating drum mixer – Discrete element method approach / L. Pezo, M. Pezo, A. Jovanović, R. Čolović, Đ. Vukmirović, V. Banjac, O. Đuragić // Advanced Powder Technology. – 2018. – V. 29(7). – P. 1734-1741.
18. Evaluation Report proficiency test DLA 23/2016 Contaminated Food: Ochratoxin A in Licorice Powder Dienstleistung Lebensmittel Analytik GbR Waldemar-Bonsels Weg 170 22926 Ahrensburg, Germany proficiency-testing@dla-lvu.de www.dla-lvu.de Coordinator: Dr. G. Wichmann
19. April 2018 DLA 16/2017 – ALM Verification: Peanut Evaluation Report proficiency test DLA 16/2017 ALM Verification: Peanut in Cookie-Matrix 5 Samples containing roasted Peanuts (levels: 0,50 / 2,5 / 5,0 / 12,5 / 25 mg/kg)
20. Eisenberg D.A. Mix with Confidence / D.A. Eisenberg // International Milling Flour&Feed, June 1994. - Р.31-33.
21. Eisenberg D. Microtracers TM F and their uses in assuring the quality of mixed formula feeds / D. Eisenberg // Advances in Feed Technology. – 1992. - V.7. – Р.78-85.
22. Eisenberg S. Markers in Mixing Testing: Closer to Perfection /S. Eisenberg, D. Eisenberg // Feed Management. – 1992. - 43. - Р.8-11.
23. Eisenberg S. and Eisenberg D. ―Particle Size and Mixing Problems for Aquatic Feeds‖, Feed Manufacturing, Technology IV, AFIA, 1994
24. Djuragic O. Evaluation of homogeneity in feed by method of microtracers / O. Djuragic, J. Levic, S. Srednovic, L. Levic // Archiva Zootechnica. – 2009. – V.12 (4). – P. 85-91.
25. GMP+ Feed Certification scheme Module: Feed Safety Assurance GMP+ BA2 Control of residues Version EN: 1 July 2018.
26. Barashkov N.N. Ferromagnitnye mikrotrejsery, kak indikatory kachestva odnorodnosti kombikormov dlya zhivotnovodstva i pticevodstva /N.N. Barashkov, P.V. Pisarenko, V.E. Krikunova, T.V. Sahno, O.A. Krikunov// Zernovі produkti і kombіkormi. - 2016. – V. 63. - N 13. - R.34-40.
27. Pisarenko P.V. Primenenie ferromagnitnyx mikrotrejserov kak indikatorov kachestva odnorodnosti kombikormov v sel'skom hozyajstve / P.V. Pisarenko, V.E. Krikunova, T.V. Sahno, O.A. Krikunov, N.N. Barashkov// Vestnik Kurganskoj GSHA. – 2016. – T. - № 4. - S.-50-54.
28. Fisher R. A. On the Interpretation of χ2 from Contingency Tables and the Calculation of P / R.A. Fisher //Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. – 1922. - V. 85. - N 1. – P. 87-94.