Grain Products and Mixed Fodder’s

ISSN-print: 2313-478X
ISSN-online: 2411-3921
ISO: 26324:2012
Архiви

REMOVAL OF MINERAL IMPURITIES FROM AFTER - HARVESTING RESIDUES OF CORN

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G. STANKEVYCH
H. НONCHARUK
I. SHIPKO
A. LIPIN

Анотація

Due to the energy crisis, special attention is paid to the production and use of biofuels. After-harvesting residues of corn (AHRC) may become a perspective source of energy for grain dryers. The following components of the AHRC are distinguished: stem, leaves, rod and wrapper of the cob. The AHRC is about 55...60% of the total weight of the plant. The annual harvest of corn grain is more than 20 million tons. The calorific value at burning of wheat straw is 14.4 MJ/kg, AHRC -15.7 MJ/kg. For comparison, the calorific value of wood on average is 14.24 MJ/kg, and natural gas is 33.5 MJ/m3 [1]. Using the AHRC can significantly reduce the need for imported gas. One of the directions of the use of plant raw materials as fuel is the production of granules [2]. The technology involves purifying raw materials from impurities, crushing and granulation. For a similar scheme, granulated feeds are produced. When picking up a harvester, following transportation and reloading, various contaminants, including mineral impurities in the form of stones, fall into the green mass. Having hit the crusher stones lead to damage to parts of the crushing mechanism, an accident and even an explosion. Clearing straw from impurities in agriculture is carried out on pneumatic separating machines [3]. But in the technical literature there is no data available to the separation of mineral impurities from the AHRC. As a result of the experiments, it was found that leaves and stalks can be separated by air from large stones, and the separation of
rods from stones is complicated. Under the influence of air flow, the rods are rotated along the pneumatic separating canal and unfolded by a long axis in parallel with the air flow, which leads to a decrease in the area of the midel section and to the reduction of the aerodynamic resistance. Therefore, to provide the required force acting on the core from the air stream, they increase the air velocity, which causes the capture and joint movement of the stones. To improve the separation process of the AHRC from the stones, it is necessary to develop a nutritional mechanism of the separator, in which to predict the possibility of orientation of the rods in the pneumocaps to the long axis across the air flow. This will enable you to reduce the air velocity required for separation and increase the difference in aerodynamic forces acting on the stones and rods. Accordingly, at the same time, the energy intensity of the pneumatic separation process will decrease and the efficiency of separating the AHRC from the stones increases. The separation of small stones smaller than 3 mm only by air is impossible, since they are picked up by the air flow that moves at the speed necessary for separating the stems (7.5...12.5 m/s). For the separation of small stones, it is proposed to use grid separators with combined air purge. For the complete separation of mineral impurities from corn cores, it is recommended to use hydro-separators.

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Як цитувати
STANKEVYCH, G., НONCHARUKH., SHIPKO, I., & LIPIN, A. (2019). REMOVAL OF MINERAL IMPURITIES FROM AFTER - HARVESTING RESIDUES OF CORN. Grain Products and Mixed Fodder’s, 18(4), 10-12. https://doi.org/10.15673/gpmf.v18i4.1187
Розділ
ЗЕРНО: ТЕХНОЛОГІЯ ТА ЯКІСТЬ

Посилання

1. Corn heat: how you can earn extra per hectare [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: // http. agravery.com/uk/posts/show/kukurudzane teplo-ak-mozna-dodatkovo-zarobiti-na gektari
2. Possibilities of procurement of corn for grain for energy use in Ukraine [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: // http://uabio.org/img/files/docs/position paper-uabio-16-ua.pdf
3. Nelyubov AI, Vetrov E.F. Pneumosuperating systems of agricultural machines. - Moscow: Mechanical Engineering, 1977. - 192 p.
4. Technological equipment of enterprises for storage and processing of grain / A.Ya. Sokolov, V.F. Zhuravlev, V.N. Dushin et al .; Ed. AND I. Sokolova. - 5th ed., Revised. and add. - M .: Kolos, 1984. - 445 p.