Grain Products and Mixed Fodder’s

ISSN-print: 2313-478X
ISSN-online:
ISO: 26324:2012
Архiви

CLARIFICATION OF THE METHODS USED FOR CALCULATING POWER OF SIEVE SEPARATORS

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L. S. SOLDATENKO
O. V. HORNISHNYI

Анотація

Calculation of sieve separators power is usually done during their development. The goal of such calculations is to determine the power of driven electric motors. The imperfection of existing methods for calculating power of some types of sieve separators makes developers to use indicative methods to determine the gear power. For example, it is done using the method of specific energy consumption or the comparison method with parameters of similar equipment. These methods provide only indicative results, that is why the power of the installed electric motors sometimes even exceeds the needed one, so in such way it worsens technical and economic factors of the equipment. The methods for calculating power of flat-sieve separators moving progressive and invers or circular progressive have clearly determined sense and consider all energy consumptions of separators’ engine. The goal of the calculation of technological equipment and sieve separators in particular is to define the power of the electric motors. The imperfection of existing methods for calculating power leads to use in some machines of high power engines which selection is based on indicative calculations, for example, using a method of specific energy consumption or comparing with analogues. As the calculating methods depend on the law of working parts movement and their engine each example considered separately. In the calculation of the power of separators with flat sieve which are moving oscillatory the effective power required by the engine of sieve bodies equal to the sum of the average power required to drive the oscillatory moving mass; the average power that is needed for product overclocking; the average power required to overcome the friction force of the product in the sieve; the average power used to deform the suspension; the average power need to overcome the drag of the air environment. The current value of the power which is need to drive the oscillatory construction elements is determined considering the total value of oscillatory bodies mass; the weight and the amount of sieve bodies; the product weight on the bodies sieves; the weight of the oscillator; the frame weight. During a circular progressive movement of sieve bodies the power which is need to overclock the product mass on the sieve which are moving reciprocally is almost equal to zero, because the product is moving with stops during the all-time being on the sieve. This also refers to the movement of the product on the barrel sieves which are rotating, where parts change the direction of movement while they are slipping down and get accelerated again. The acceleration power in the separators with circled progressive motion of the sieves is equal to the kinetic energy of its circle oscillations. To provide the relative motion of the parts on the horizontal sieve surface which is making a circled progressive motion it is necessary that the difference between the centred inertial force and friction force to be more than zero.

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Як цитувати
SOLDATENKO, L., & HORNISHNYI, O. (2019). CLARIFICATION OF THE METHODS USED FOR CALCULATING POWER OF SIEVE SEPARATORS. Grain Products and Mixed Fodder’s, 18(4), 47-50. https://doi.org/10.15673/gpmf.v18i4.1197
Розділ
ПРОЦЕСИ, ТЕХНОЛОГІЧНЕ ОБЛАДНАННЯ ТА АВТОМАТИЗАЦІЯ

Посилання

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